Every owner who brings home a new female dog must make the decision as to whether or not to spay her, and although it may sound like fun to rear a litter of puppies, it’s not the most ideal. Especially, when dealing with Pit Bulls, it’s hard to guarantee all of the puppies get good homes; plus, the more Pit Bull puppies that backyard breeders sell, the higher the risks of accidents, strays, and euthanized Pit Bulls in shelters (but the same goes with backyard breeders breeding any dog breed).
Spaying a female dog can serve various purposes, to include:
- Population control
- Genetic disease control
- Prevention and/or treatment of various medical disorders (mammary cancer, ovarian tumors, uterine tumors and diseases, breast tumors, etc)
- Behavioral modification
Unspayed dogs are at more risk of unwanted pregnancy. When in heat, male dogs are more likely to sneak into the yard with your female dog, and the next thing you know, there’s an unwanted litter on your hands.
Unspayed dogs are at a much higher risk of developing breast tumors, which is one of the more common types of cancer for unaltered female dogs.
The cost of spaying a female dog will vary per vet and the size of the dog. In most cases, it will cost anywhere from $100 to $250. There are programs that offer low-cost spaying and neutering clinics, and sometimes local shelters will pass out discount vouchers, so when researching, definitely contact local shelters to see if there are any discounts available.
When to Spay
It’s recommended to spay between 5 and 9 months of age. This helps increase the safety of anesthesia concerns and surgery recovery time. Spaying at this age also better prevents the risks of an unwanted pregnancy.
Risks of Spay
All dogs are affected differently. Some dogs don’t even notice that underwent surgery, whereas others may suffer nausea and pain. Vomitting, shivering, lethargy, and a lack of an appetite are normal after any surgery, to include a spay procedure.
Keep in mind that the longer you wait before spaying your dog, the more the risks are increased. Surgical complications and the overall recovery time for older dogs are much more risky.
- Some studies claim that if spayed before maturity, the risks of osteosarcoma are increased. Some studies claim the risks of splenic hemangiosarcoma cardiac hemangiosarcoma are increased.
- Some claim the risk of hypothyroidism is tripled.
- Spaying in continence and urinary tract infections are also claimed risks of spaying a female dog.
- If spayed before the first heat, some claim that the risks of recessed vulva, vaginal dermatitis, and vaginitis, are increased.
In the end, one can drastically decrease reproductive health risks, as well as passing down genetic health risks by spaying a female dog. All studies that claim increased risks are merely studies, and it’s up to you to weigh your personal pros and cons with spaying your dog.