So many municipalities are relying on DNA tests to determine whether or not a dog is pit bull or not. But, how accurate are they? Can they truly determine if a dog is made of one breed or another?
Yes… To some degree. Wisdom Panel has results from over 250 dog breeds, but there are many other breeds that have not been tested.
Depending on the test, the results and accuracy will vary.
Ultimately, the only way to 100% know what breed of dog you have, is to know its parents, grandparents and full pedigree.
How Do Dog DNA Tests Work?
Wisdom Panel has tested thousands of dogs of over 250 breeds and performed analysis of over 19 million genetic markers. By repeatedly testing multiple dogs from the same breed, Wisdom Panel was able to determine which markers were unique to which breed.
When you receive the test, you take skin cells from your dogs cheek using the two swabs in the kit. The cells then are compared with the genetic markers in the database to determine what breed(s) your dog is.
Why Perform a DNA Test on Your Dog?
There are many reasons why someone may want to perform a dog DNA test.
- Pure curiosity
- Estimate how big a puppy may be when it’s full grown
- Understand potential temperament – some dog breeds are more energetic than others that may be more lazy
- Be aware of potential health risks – some breeds are prone to specific illnesses, like hip arthritis or ear infections that you may be able to supplement to reduce the risks or progression